All Saints Secondary School, Oyigbo, Rivers State.

Subject :English Language

Class :SS 2

Topic :English Grammar

Sub Topic :Complex Sentence Structure

             A complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence, but a dependent clause even though it has a subject and a verb cannot stand alone. The dependent clause relies on the independent clause to make its meaning complete.

Examples of complex sentences;

 The independent clause in each of the sentences is underlined.

  1. Bobby was delighted that he got a part in the school play, even though the part was a small one.
  2. Because my porridge had gone cold, I heated it in the microwave.
  3. After lots of practice, Joseph still struggled to tie his shoelaces.
  4. Let’s go back to the theatre where we watched the ballet.
  5. After the storm hit the town, trees lay broken in the streets.
  6. Wherever you go, you can always find beauty.
  7. Evergreen trees are a symbol of fertility because they do not die in the winter.
  8. Although it was very long, the movie was still enjoyable.
  9. You should take your car in for a service because its starting to make weird noise.


               As you can see, a complex sentence can either start with the independent clause or the subordinate clause. If the subordinate clause comes first, you must add a comma. This is not necessary if the independent clause comes first.

               An independent clause contains a subject and a verb, it can stand alone as a complete thought.



Give three examples of your own on complex sentences apart from the ones I have given you.

Submit assignment at the school’s security post

Download Document Here: Complex Sentence Structure (SS 2)

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